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Key words: heavy metals, AAS, fruits, vegetables..
. Crump, D.R. and Barlow, P.J. (1982). Factors controlling the lead content of pasture grass. Environ. Pollut. Ser. B., 3(3): 181 – 192.
. Demayo, A; Taylor M.C., Taylor, K.W. and Hodson, P.V. (1982). Toxic effects of lead and lead compounds on human health, aquatic life, wildlife, plants and live stocks. Crit. Rev. Environ. Cont., 12(4): 257 – 305.
. Goyer, R.A. (1991). Heavy metals: sources and specific effect.
. Goyer, R.A. (1997). Toxic and essential metal interactions. Annu. Rev. Nutr., 17: 37 – 50.
. Haque, A. and Subramania, V. (1982). Copper, lead and zinc pollution of soil environment. Crit. Rev. Environ. Cont., 12(1):13 -70.
. Igwegbe, A.O. (1990). Effects of Oil Refinery, Highway Traffic, and Treated Sewage Water on the Level of Lead and Cadmium in Fruits and Vegetables grown within these Locations, M.Sc. Thesis, Al-Fateh University, Tripoli, Libya.
. Igwegbe, A.O; Belhaj, H.M, Hassan, T.M. and Gibali, A.S. (1992). Effects of highway's traffic on the level of lead and cadmium in fruits and vegetables grown along the roadsides. J. Food Safety, 13: 7 – 18.
. J.A.O.A.C. (2000). Determination of metals in foods by atomic absorption spectrometry after dry-ashing. NKML Collaborative study. 83(5):1204 – 1211.
Keywords – Alternative fuel, Biodiesel, cottonseed oil methyl ester, Engine Performance.
 Kapilan N. Nadar, Rana Pratap Reddy and Eswara Rao Anjuri , comparison of performance of biodiesels of mahua oil and Gingili oil in dual fuel engine. Thermal science: Vol. 12 (2008), No. 1, pp. 151-156
 Lakshmi Narayana Rao Gattamaneni, Saravanan Subramani, Sampath santhanam, And Rajagopal Kuderucombustion And Emission Characteristics Of Diesel Engine Fuelled With Rice Bran Oil Methyl Ester And Its Diesel Blends. Thermal science: Vol. 12 (2008), No. 1, Pp. 139-150
 D. Ramesh and A. Sampathrajan. ―Investigations on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine With Jatropha Biodiesel and Its Blends‖. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Ejournal. Manuscript EE 07 013. Vol. X. March, 2008.
 B.K. Barnwal, M.P. Sharma, "Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 9, 2005, 363-378.
 D. Agarwal, L. Kumar, A.K. Agarwal, "Performance Evaluation of a Vegetable oil fuelled CI Engine". Renewable Energy, accepted 29th June 2007.
 R. Sarin, M. Sharma, " Jatropha Palm biodiesel blends: An optimum mix for Asia", FUEL, Vol. 86, 2007, 1365-71.
 S. P. Chincholkar*, Saurabh Srivastava, A. Rehman, Savita Dixit and Atul Lanjewar, 22 Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel for Pollution Control in Diesel EngineAsian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 19, No. 2, 2005, 13-
 T. Venkateswara Rao a,*, G. Prabhakar Rao a, and K. Hema Chandra Reddy b , Experimental Investigation of Pongamia, Jatropha and NeemMethyl Esters as Biodiesel on C.I. Engine Volume 2, Number 2, Jun. 2008ISSN 1995-6665Pages 117 – 122, Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering,
 F. Karaosmanoplu," Vegetable oil fuels: A review", Energy Sources, Vol. 70, 1999, 221-231.
. V. F. Weisskopf and E. Wigner, Z Physik 39 , 54 (1930).
. M. Sargent III, M.O.Scully and W.E.Lamb Jr. Laser Physics (Addition-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts ) 1974.
. W. Hanle, Z Physics 30 ,93 (1924).
. M.O. Scully, H. Fearn and B.W. Atherton, in New Frontiers in Quantum Electrodynamics and Quantum optics, ed. A.O. Barut(Plenum New York 1989 )
. W.S. Bickel and S. Baskin, Phys. Rev. 162, 12 (1967)
. W.W. Chow, M.O. Scully and J.O. Stoner Jr. Phys. Rev. A 11, 1380(1975)
. M.O. Scully and J. Druhl, Phys. Rev. A, 25, 2208 (1982)
. V.F. Weisskopf, M. Orszag and M.O.scully, Phys. Rev A3.8,754(1988).
. M.O.Scully and M.S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics, Cambridge University Press,2002.
. Gonzalez P R, Fruretta C, Calvo B E et al. NucInstrum Methods Phys Res B, 260 (2007) 685.
. McKeever S W S, Thermoluminescence in solids (Oxford: Cambridge University press),1985, p 225.
. S.P.Lochab,P.D.Sahare,R.S.Chauhan,N.Salah,A.Pandey,J.Phys.D40(2007) 1343.
. P.D. Sahare, J.S. Bakare, S. D. Dhole, N. B. Ingale, A. A. Rupasov,Journal of Luminescence 130 (2010) 258-265.
. Hanawalt, et al., Anal. Chem. 10 (1938) 475.
. N.Salah, S. Habib, Z. Khan, S. Hamedi, S.P.Lochab, Journal of Luminescence 129 (2009) 192–196.
. M. Puchalska, P. Bilski, Radiat. Meas. 41 (2006) 65
from the example of a single-ended LNA structure, we show the advantages of using a differential approach
with the design examples of a LNA structure. The LNA was designed in the BiCMOS HBT process. ADS2010
was simulated to obtain the preliminary results.
 B. A. Kopp, M. Borkowski, and G. Jerinic, "Transmit/receive modules," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 827–834, Mar. 2002.
 J.D. Cressler, "A new contender for Si-based RF and microwave circuit applications", IEEE Trans. on MTT, Invited Paper, vol. 46, no.5, pp. 572-589, May 1998.
 D. Li, Y.Tsividis, "Active LC filters on silicon", IEE Proc.-Circuits Devices Syst., vol. 147, no. 1, February 2000.
 W.B. Khun, "Design of integrated, low power, radio receivers in BiCMOS technology", Dissertation presented to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1995.
 T.H Lee, "The Design of CMOS Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits", Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0 521 63922 0, Chapter 2.
 C.S Kim, M Park, C-H Kim, Y C Hyeon, H K Yu, K Lee, K S Nam, "A fully integrated 1.9GHz CMOS Low-noise amplifier" in IEE Microwave and guided wave letters, Vol 8, No 8 August 1998.
 T Soorapanth, T.H Lee, "RF Linearity of Short- Channel MOSFETs", IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, vol. 32, no. 5, May 1997
 H. Bazzi, S. Bosse, L. Delage, B. Barelaud, L. Billonnet, B. Jarry, 'Using HBT BiCMOS Differential Structures at Microwavesin SiGe Technologies' I.R.C.O.M.- UMR CNRS n 6615 – 87060 LIMOGES
Keywords – FACTS, DPFC, modelling, power transmission, AC-DC power conversion, semiconductor devices, power system control.
 Y.-H. Song and A. Johns, Flexible ac Transmission Systems (FACTS) (IEE Power and Energy Series), vol. 30. London, U.K.: Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1999.
 N. G. Hingorani and L. Gyugyi, Understanding FACTS: Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems. New York: IEEE Press, 2000.
 L.Gyugyi, C.D. Schauder, S. L.Williams, T. R. Rietman,D. R. Torgerson, And A. Edris, ―The unified power flow controller: A new approach to power transmission control,‖ IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1085– 1097, Apr. 1995.
 A.-A. Edris, ―Proposed terms and definitions for flexible ac transmission system (facts),‖ IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1848–1853, Oct. 1997.
 K. K. Sen, ―Sssc-static synchronous series compensator: Theory, modeling, and application,‖ IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 241–246, Jan. 1998.
 M. D. Deepak, E. B. William, S. S. Robert, K. Bill, W. G. Randal, T. B. Dale, R. I. Michael, and S. G. Ian, ―A distributed static series compensator system for realizing active power flow control on existing power lines,‖ IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 642–649, Jan. 2007.
 D. Divan and H. Johal, ―Distributed facts—A new concept for realizing grid power flow control,‖ in Proc. IEEE 36th Power Electron. Spec. Conf. (PESC), 2005, pp. 8–14.
 Y. Zhihui, S.W. H. de Haan, and B. Ferreira, ―Utilizing distributed power flow controller (DPFC) for power oscillation damping,‖ in Proc. IEEE Power Energy Soc. Gen. Meet. (PES), 2009, pp. 1–5.
 Y. Zhihui, S. W. H. de Haan, and B. Ferreira, ―Dpfc control during shunt converter failure,‖ in Proc. IEEE Energy Convers. Congr. Expo. (ECCE) 2009, pp. 2727–2732.
 Y. Sozer and D. A. Torrey, ―Modeling and control of utility interactive inverters,‖ IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 2475–2483, Nov. 2009.
A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes dynamically forming a network topology without the use of any existing network infrastructure or centralized administration. One of the main procedures for evaluating the performance of MANETs is simulation. In this paper, the comparison is made for the performance of routing protocols i.e. Ad hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV), Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) and Destination Sequence Distance Vector (DSDV) over a MAC Layer protocol IEEE 802.11. As per our findings the differences in the protocol mechanics lead to significant performance differentials for these protocols. Always the network protocols were simulated as a function of mobility, but not as a function of network density. In our paper the performance of AODV, DSDV and DSR is evaluated with respect to performance metrics like Packet Delivery Fraction (PDF), Average end-to-end delay, Normalized Routing Load (NRL), and Dropped packets by varying network size. These simulations are carried out using the NS-2 which is the main network simulator.
Key Words: AODV, DSDV, DSR, MAC, MANET, NRL, PDF
 C.Sivaram Murthy, B.S.Manoj, Adhoc Wireless Networks:Architectures, And Protocols, Pearson Education, 2004.
 Mehran Abolhasan, Tadeusz Wysocki And Eryk Dutkiewicz ," A Review Of Routing Protocol For Mobile Ad Hoc Networks", Elsevier 2003.
 C.Perkins ,Praving Bhagwat, "Highly Dynamic Destination Sequenced Distance Vector Routing (DSDV) For Mobile Computers".
 C.Perkins, "Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing" ,RFC 3561,July 2003
 D.Johnson, "The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol (DSR)", RFC4728, Feb 2007
 Yih-Chun Hu And David B.Johnson ",Caching Strategies In On-Demand Routing Protocols For Wireless Ad Hoc Networks",ACM 2000.
 NS -2, The Ns Manual, Available At Http: //Www. Isi.Edu/Nsnam/Ns/Doc.
 "Wireless Ad Hoc Networks" Zygmunt J. Haas, Jing Deng, Ben Liang, Panagiotis Papadimitratos, And S. Sajama Cornell University School Of Electrical And Computer Engineering.
This paper is the HSPICE implementation of 32nm CNTFET technology based rectifier using DDCC (differential difference current conveyor). The circuit proposes low design complexity, high temperature stability, larger bandwidth of operation and higher packaging density. The circuit also offers high input impedance and lower output impedance. Simulation result shows the performance of the circuit design validity.
Key Words: CMOS, CNTFET, DDCC, HSPICE, rectifier,
 M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito ―PHYSICS OF CARBON NANOTUBE‖1995 Elsevier Science Ltd.
 J. Deng and H.-S. P. Wong, ―A compact SPICE model for carbon nanotube field effect transistors including non-idealities and its application—Part I: Model of the intrinsic channel region,‖ IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 3186–3194, Dec. 2007.
 J. Deng and H.-S. P. Wong, ―A compact SPICE model for carbon nanotubefield effect transistors including non-idealities and its application—Part II: Full device model and circuit performance benchmarking,‖ IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 3195–3205, Dec. 2007.
 Kumngern, M.; Saengthong, P.; Junnapiya, S. ―DDCC-based full-wave rectifier‖ 5th International Colloquium on Signal Processing & Its Applications, 2009. CSPA 2009.
 B. Gilbert, ―Translinear circuit: a proposed classification,‖ Electronics Letters, vol. 11, pp. 14-16, 1975.
 E. W. Greeneich, ―Analog integrated circuit,‖ Chapman & Hall, New York, 1997.
 M. Kumngern and K. Dejhan, ―DDCC-based quadrature oscillator with grounded capacitors and resistors,‖ Active and Passive Electronic Components, vol. 2009, pp. 1-5, 2009, doi:10.1155/2009/987304.
 Usa Torteanchai, Montree Kumngern, Kobchai Dejhan ―A CMOS Log-Antilog Current Multiplier/ Divider Circuit Using DDCC‖ TENCON 2011 - 2011 IEEE Region 10 Conference.
 S. J. G. Gift, "A high-performance full-wave rectifier circuit" International Journal of Electronics,vol.89,pp.467-476,2000.
 C.Toumazou, F. J. Lidgey,and S. Chattong, "High frequency current conveyor precision full-wave rectifier"ElectronicsLetters,vol.30,pp. 745-746,1994.
 Z. Wang, "Full-wave precision rectification that is performed in current domain and very suitable for CMOS implementation" IEEE Transactions on Circuits and systems-I,vol.39, pp.456-462,1992.
This paper describes the variation of impulsive noise with the distance of the noise source from the
power line in power line communication. Here a rectifier has been chosen as the periodic impulsive noise
source and an induction motor has been taken as aperiodic impulsive noise source. The distance of the noise
source from the power line has been varied and the variation of noise magnitude has been plotted, also the
variation has been modeled mathematically.
Key Words: power line communication, noise.
 Yong-tao Ma, Kai-hua Liu, Zhi-jun Zhang, Jie-xiao Yu, Xiao-lin Gong, " Modeling the Colored Background Noise of Power Line Communication Channel Based on Artificial Neural Network."IEEE Trans on Consumer Electronics, 2007, 45(2): 345~348
 H. Phillipps, "Modeling of powerline communication channels",proc .3rd Int.symp.power line Communications and its applications, Lancaster, U.K., 1999,pp.14-21.
 M. Zimmermann and K. Dostert, "Analysis and modeling of impulsive noise in broad-band power-line communications," IEEE transactions on ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, Vol.44, pp.249-258, FEB 2002
 OPERA, " Theoretical Postulation of PLC Channel Model", version: 2 ．
The present study is concerned with the effect of welding current, voltage, welding speed and external magnetic field on tensile strength of shielded metal arc welded mild steel joints. Mild steel plates of 6 mm thickness were used as the base material for preparing single pass butt welded joints. Speed of weld was provided by cross slide of a lathe, external magnetic field was obtained by bar magnets. Tensile strength of the joint fabricated by E-6013 electrodes as filler metals was evaluated and the results were reported. From this investigation, it was found that the joints fabricated have increased tensile strength if either speed of weld or external magnetic field was increased and this mechanical property decreased if either voltage or current was increased. An artificial neural network technique was used to predict the tensile strength of weld for the given welding parameters after training the network.
Key Words: Shielded metal arc welding, tensile properties, back propagation, artificial neural network.
 A. K. Hussain, Influence Of Welding Speed On Tensile Strength Of Welded Joint In Tig Welding Process, International Journal Of Applied Engineering Research, Dindigul Volume 1, No 3, 2010.
 J. Hak Pak, Modeling Of Impact Toughness Of Weld Metals, Master Of Engineering Thesis, Pohang University Of Science And Technology, Pohang, Korea, 2007.
 R.S. Parmar, Welding Engineering And Technology, (Ed. 1st Delhi :Khanna Publishers, 1997).
 American Welding Society, Welding Hand Book, (Vol. 2, Welding Processes, Eighth Edition, 1991).
 D. G. Karalis, V. J. Papazoglou, And D. I. Pantelis, Mechanical Response Of Thin Smaw Arc Welded Structures: Experimental And Numerical Investigation, Theoretical And Applied Fracture Mechanics, 51 (2009), Pp. 87-94, Elsevier.
 V. Rao, C++ Neural Networks And Fuzzy Logic (First Indian Edition :Bpb Publications, 1996).
 R.P. Singh, R.C. Gupta And S. C. Sarkar, Prediction Of Weld Bead Geometry In Shielded Metal Arc Welding Under External Magnetic Field Using Artificial Neural Networks, International Journal Of Manufacturing Technology And Research, Vol.
 Number 1, Pp. 9-15, 2012.  M. I. Khan, Welding Science And Technology (Pvt. Limited Publishers : New Age International, 2007).
 R.P. Singh, R.C. Gupta And S. C. Sarkar, Application Of Artificial Neural Network To Analyze And Predict The Mechanical Properties Of Shielded Metal Arc Welded Joints Under The Influence Of External Magnetic Field, International Journal Of Engineering Research & Technology (Ijert), Pp. 1-12, Vol. 8, Issue 1, October, 2012.
A lot of new houses in the housing area, it built and sold to the public in the city of Bandung. Bandung is the capital of West Java province, the third-largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta and Surabaya based on its population. In the year 2007, British Council makes the town Bandung as a pilot project for the town of most creative in East Asia. Until the year 2012, many of the houses built by developers in the Bandung city. Some housing continues to expand the area of housing, one of them is housing SP. Survey conducted at housing SP owning wide of building 200 sqm. House building enthused by well established productive family. Its problem emerged when happened by a lot of change in dwelling space, only 32%, which can be accepted by a consumer. This research used the method qualitative, comparing between functional space criterion theory with the fact that happened at a study object. The findings are useful for the development of architectural design provided by the developer to the community and the environment.
Key Words: housing, economy, optimal.
. Ateng. Hansen Ekawijaya, Optimalisasi penggunaan ruang pada rumah tinggal ditinjau dari fungsi dan aktivitas penghuni, kasus studi: rumah yang disediakan pengembang, tipe Carnation dan Rose, jl.Cakrabuana – perumahan Singgasana Pradana, (Bandung; Skripsi 32, jurusan Arsitektur, Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. 2012).
. Rumiati. Rosaline Tobing, Tata Bentuk Rumah yang Seimbang dan Harmonis (Bandung: PT Cipta Sastra Salura, 2008).
. Mildred. Deyo Roske, Housing in Transition (New York: California Polytechnic State University, 1982).
. Siahaan. Uras, Penerapan konsep green & sustainable architecture. Bandung: kuliah umum program sarjana dan pasca-sarjana di Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. 23 November 2009.
. Bill. Baker, House of Ideas (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc,1974).
. Siahaan. Uras, Bangunan Dan Hunian Ekologis Dan Hemat Energi, Bandung: Kuliah umum program sarjana dan pasca-sarjana di Universitas Katolik Parahyangan. 7 Desember 2009.
In this paper we prove a common fixed point theorem for eight mappings on Menger spaces using the
notion of compatibility and continuity of maps.
Key Words: Menger Space, Compatible Mappings, Weak-compatible Mappings, Common fixed point.
. Menger, K.: Statistical metrics, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA., 28, (1942) 535-537.
. Mishra, S.N.: Common fixed points of compatible mappings in PM-spaces, Math. Japonica 36, 2 (1991) 283-289.
. Schweizer, B. and Sklar A.: Statistical metric spaces, Pacific J. Math. 10, (1960) 313-334.
. Saini R.K. and Chauhan S.S.: Fixed point theorem for eight mappings on metric spaces, Journal of Mathematics and System
Science, vol. 1 No. 2 (2005).
. Sehgal,V.M.and Bharucha-Reid,A.T.:Fixed point of contraction mappings in PM-space,Math.Systems Theory,6(1972),97-102
. Singh Bijendra and Sharma R.K. Common fixed points of compatible maps in Menger spaces, Vikram Mathematical Journal,
Vol. XVI, (1996) 51-56.
. Singh, B. and Jain Shishir: A fixed point theorem in Menger space through weak compatibility, Journal of Mathematical Analysis
and Application 301, (2005) 439-448.
. Singh Bijendra and Jain Shishir: Fixed point theorems in Menger space through semi compatibility,. Varahmihir Journal 1 (2006)
. Singh,S.L.and Singh,S.P: A fixed point theorem,Indian j.of pure and App. Math,vol no.11,(1980),1584-1586