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Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)


Research Article  open access
Network Based Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems: Attack Classification , Methodologies and Tools
Nareshkumar Harale || Dr. B.B.Meshram
India
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

Complex and common security attackshave become a common issue nowadays. Success rate of detecting these attacks through existing tools seems to be decreasing due to simple rule-bases Some attacks are too complex to identify for today's firewall systems.This paper highlights various security attacks classification techniques pertaining to TCP/IP protocol stack, it also covers an existingintrusion detection techniques used for intrusion detection , and features of various open source and commercial Network Intrusion Detection and Prevention (IDPS) tools. Finally paper concludes with comparison and evaluation of an open source and commercial IDPS tools and techniques which are used to detect and prevent the security attacks.

KEY WORD: Signature Detection, Anomaly Detection, Static Anomaly, Dynamic Anomaly, Network Attacks, Intrusion Detection Methodologies, Network Security Tools, Network IDS (Intrusion Detection System), Network IPS (Intrusion Prevention System), Network IDPS (Intrusion Detection and Prevention System).


Research Article  open access
Environmental Impact of Burning Electrical and Electronic Components
Kelechi Nwachukwu|| Roberta Joseph || Hashmath Fathima || Gbekeloluwa Oguntimein
United States
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

Electronic waste (e-waste) has been an increasing problem facing the global village. Much of the problem is due to the profligate disposal and burning of these devices without consideration to the municipality's ability to handle the volume of waste streams that are generated or the effects of the gases released during the burning process. The burning is used as a processing pathway to recovering some of the components of these devices as well as to reduce their volumes to more manageable levels in order to facilitate final disposal as incinerator ash. This paper highlights the effects of burning electronic waste on the local environment. It was found that due to the burning of these e-wastes, there is a tremendous and harmful impact to both the health of the local population as well as that of the environment, particularly the aquatic habitat. Thus, necessitating the need for robust and speedy implementation of legislative oversight in order to ensure a sustainable and long lasting relationship between man and the environment. Some of these laws have been highlighted in this report.

KEY WORD:Electronic devices, Environmental Health, Environmental impact Assessment, Electronic Waste Generation.


Research Article  open access
Multi Qubit Transmission in Quantum Channels Using Fibre Optics Synchronously and Perform Error Correction
H.R.Sumathi || C.Vidya Raj
India
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

quantum channel can be used to transmit classical information as well as to deliver quantum data from one location to another . Classical information theory is a subset of Quantum information theory which is fundamentally richer, because quantum mechanics includes so many more elementary classes of static and dynamic resources. Quantum information theory contains many more facts other than described here, including the study of quantum data processing, manipulation and Quantum data compression. Here we consider quantum channel as Bosonic channels, which are a quantum-mechanical model for free space or fibre optic communication. In this paper the overview of theoretical scenario of quantum networks in particular to multiple user access to the quantum communication channel is considered. Multiple qubits are generated in different system, the proper alignment of qubits is a must it can be first come first serve or round robin fashion. The received data are grouped into codewords each of n qubits and quantum error correction is performed. These codewords are agreed between the transmitter and the receiver before transmitting over the quantum channel known as valid codewords.

KEY WORD:Bosonic channel, Entanglement, Quantum error correction, Quantum memory, Qubits.


Research Article  open access
Bioaccumulation of Cadmium Heavy Metal And its Effect on the Level of Chlorophyll And Carotenoids of Thalassia Hemprichii in the Waters of Ambon Island
Prelly M.J Tuapattinaya|| Dominggus Rumahlatu || Stenly Tulalessy
Indonesia
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

Cadmium is known to inhibit the biosynthesis of chlorophyll and can disrupt the photosynthesis process. This research aimed at investigating the ability of the accumulation of cadmium heavy metals (Cd) by Thalassia hemprichii in the waters of the Ambon Island and its effect on the levels of chlorophyll and carotenoid in the leaves. Cd heavy metal analysis was carried out on samples of sea water, sediments, as well as the roots and leaves of T. hemprichii using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). The ability of accumulation and translocation of Cd heavy metals T. hemprichii was determined by calculating the Bioconcentration Factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF). The analysis of chlorophyll and carotenoid content used UV-Vis Spectrophotometer. The results of the research showed that the BCF value of T. hemprichii reached 141.04, while the TF value was 7.63. The BCF and TF value which was more than one indicated that T. hemprichii had the potential to be metal accumulators. The effect of the levels of Cd heavy metals in the leaves and the level of chlorophyll showed a negative correlation, but not significant. The level of Cd heavy metals in the leaves also could increase the levels of carotenoids of the leaves of T. hemprichii. These results indicate that T. hemprichii had the potential as phytoremediator in the waters of Ambon island that have been contaminated with heavy metals Cd.

KEY WORD: Heavy metal cadmium, Thalassia hemprichii, chlorophyll, carotenoids


Research Article  open access
Segmentation of Blood Vessels and Optic Disc in Retinal Images
Kota Prajwal Kant
India
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

Retinal image analysis is increasingly prominent as a non-intrusive diagnosis method in modern ophthalmology. In this paper, we present a novel method to segment blood vessels and optic disc in the fundus retinal images. The method could be used to support non-intrusive diagnosis in modern ophthalmology since the morphology of the blood vessel and the optic disc is an important indicator for diseases like diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and hypertension. Our method takes as first step the extraction of the retina vascular tree using the graph cut technique. The blood vessel information is then used to estimate the location of the optic disc. The optic disc segmentation is performed using two alternative methods. The Markov Random Field (MRF) image reconstruction method segments the optic disc by removing vessels from the optic disc region and the Compensation Factor method segments the optic disc using prior local intensity knowledge of the vessels. The proposed method is tested on three public data sets, DIARETDB1, DRIVE and STARE. The results and comparison with alternative methods show that our method achieved exceptional performance in segmenting the blood vessel and optic disc.

KEY WORD: Retinal images, vessel segmentation, optic disc segmentation, graph cut segmentation


Research Article  open access
Photo Elastic Coating Materials in Thermo-Photo Elasticity
A.H.Ingle || Dr.A.V.Vanalkar || Dr.S.S.Khandare
India
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

In the combine use of thermo-photo elasticity Photo elastic – coating materials plays vital role. Photo elastic - coating materials must have thermal conductivity & thermal expansion equal to that of structural materials, and if strain-optical sensitivity did not vary with temperature. Surface strains induced by external loading and by thermal stresses can be performed in the temperature range of -600 F to + 3500F which may extend to + 5000F for short period. The objective of this paper is to describe the applicability of the photo elastic coating materials & their coating method for problems involving temperature changes.

KEY WORD: Adhesive, coating, Photo elasticity, Thermo elasticity


Research Article  open access
GIS Based Semi Automated Extraction of Sites for Artificial Recharge
D Gayathri || C J Kumanan || SM Ramasamy
India
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

The artificial recharge has emerged as the only alternative to restore the alarmingly falling water table. Hence, various nations including India have embarked into major programs on artificial recharge. But maximum benefits can be achieved if only the sites are selected on geological and other terrain conditions. But many a times, as these structures are to be constructed on emergency basis, the scientific protocols could not be followed. To get over this, a computer model was developed on GIS based semi-automated extraction of artificial recharge sites. In this model, a set of seven geosystem variables/maps which control the overall infiltration were prepared and converted into spatial GIS databases showing the favorable (pervious) and unfavorable (impervious) zones for artificial recharge, imported to a specially written software in VB.NET called RECHARGE. The program has been written in such a way that the user can retrieve these geosystem maps from the computer showing only the favorable areas, integrate them and on the basis of number of variables coincided, suitable sites on various priorities for recharge can be displayed in the computer by following the tutored protocol provided in the software. This will be an useful tool, and further detailed studies would bring out generic software to benefit the larger cross section of the countries

KEY WORD: Artificial, Automated, Extraction, GIS, Recharge, Semi.


Research Article  open access
Age related macula detection using Trimmed Median Filter (TMF)
Dr. V. Vidya devi|| K Jail Singh|| N Sai Sruthi
India
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

The Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a deterioration or breakdown of the eye's macula. The macula is a small area in the retina ,the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye that is responsible for your central vision, allowing you to see fine details clearly. Most important part of the retina for human vision is fovea. The destruction of delicate cones of fovea causes the person to become blind. The size of fovea zone in fundus eye image is related to various diseases that lead to blindness. Usually a circle of radius 200 micron is approximately the zone of fovea. If the radius is smaller then it may be an indication of an infection of the eye that may lead to disease. The radius of the fovea region is also an indication of the stages of retinopathy. This paper compares the cases where the images are exposed to two types of noises like salt and pepper and Gaussian noise ,De noising using two different filters namely adaptive wavelet filter and Modified Decision Based Unsymmetrical Trimmed Median Filter (MDBUTMF) .The two methods are compared on the basis of PSNR values. The proposed method is used to carry out general-purpose method for detecting the Fovea region of noisy images. Then using Mathematical Morphology the blood vessel and hence the fovea region is found. Publicly available DRIVE database of 250 people was taken with different eye problems are analyzed and the profosed filter filter outperform the excising methodology .Matlab 7.5 tool box was used to analysize the result.

KEY WORD: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), Median Filter (MF), Fundus, Unsymmetric Trimmed Median Filter (UTMF), Alpha Trimmed Mean Filtering (ATMF), Modified Decision Based Unsymmetrical Trimmed Median Filter (MDBUTMF)

Research Article  open access
Design Of Low Power and Area Efficient Carry Select Adder (CSLA) Using Verilog Language
Guguloth Sreekanth || V Harish || D Mohammad Elias
India
Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering & Science , Volume 6 ~ Issue 5 (May 2016)

Paper Index :: : 07.4721/xxxxxxx
Abstract

Carry select method has deemed to be a good compromise between cost and performance in carry propagation adder design. However conventional carry select adder (CSLA) is still area consuming due to the dual ripple carry adder structure. The excessive area overhead makes conventional carry select adder (CSLA) relatively unattractive but this has been the circumvented by the use of add-one circuit. In this an area efficient modified CSLA scheme based on a new first zero detection logic is proposed. The gate count in 32-bit modified CSLA can be greatly reduced, design proposed in this paper has been developed using VERILOG language and synthesized in XILINX13.2 version.

KEY WORD:---.







































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